Psychologist Job Description: Top Duties and Requirements

A Psychologist, or Therapist, is someone who helps patients with psychological problems. The main responsibilities of a Psychologist are assessing, diagnosing, and treating patients who have behavioural issues related to mental health or cognitive problems. 

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Psychologist duties and responsibilities

When writing a job description for a Psychologist, it is important to specify the main functions of the role. Some of these important duties and responsibilities may include: 

  • Maintaining related records, reports, and statistical data in accordance with established standards and procedures
  • Conducting, interpreting, and reviewing client cognitive and behavioural assessment results 
  • Building strong relationships with clients and other interdisciplinary healthcare workers involved in the patient’s recovery plan to improve patient experience
  • Preparing summary reports to reflect relevant client insights and action plans which may include referrals or resource recommendations
  • Ensuring all forms of documentation are accurate and complete
  • Assessing and screening for stressors and areas of difficulty to make appropriate referral and treatment recommendations 
  • Reviewing the literature, scientific studies, and staying up-to-date with any changes or developments in the industry
  • Delivering presentations at conferences, workshops, or educational institutions to help further develop training, awareness, or knowledge around certain mental illnesses
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Psychologist Job Description Examples:

 

Example 1

Your Opportunity: Corrections Health offers health services to patients held in remand and provincial correctional centers. This population often has complex health issues, requiring health care services while in custody, and assistance upon release. While challenging, working in corrections allows staff to provide service to a marginalized population that is very rewarding to work with. Fort Saskatchewan Correctional Centre is a provincial correctional centre that houses approximately [phone number]remanded and sentenced clients. The Addictions and Mental Health team at this site includes psychologists, clinical social workers, RN/RPNs, social workers and addictions counsellors. They work collaboratively to provide assessment, treatment, and discharge planning to the client population at the centre, while also working with community-based resources. Reporting to the manager of Health Services, the successful applicant will provide psychological assessment, diagnosis, intervention and treatment as indicated to clients in the centre. The successful applicant will also evaluate the effectiveness of interventions on an ongoing basis, and respond as appropriate to promote positive client responses and outcomes. Description: As a Psychologist I, you will work with or within teams to provide a range of standard level psychology services to patients and their families within the established standards, directives, and policies for the work environment. Your services may include: psychological screening and/or assessment, diagnosis, interventions, rehabilitation, prevention and promotion, as well as education activities. You will collaborate with the multi-disciplinary team of healthcare professionals in planning and implementing services that align with best practice and ethical and professional standards. You will provide input to the interprofessional team related to psychological factors, barriers and dynamics that influence client treatment planning, participation, outcomes and team functioning, and with teams and community services. Your duties may also include providing supervision to psychometrists, provisional psychologists and/or masters level psychology students, and providing input into program, policy and/or procedure development in addition to participating in formal research initiatives. Classification: Psychologist I Union: HSAA Facility PROF/TECH Department: Psych Corrections Clinic Primary Location: Fort Saskatchewan Correc Ctr Multi-Site: Not Applicable FTE: [phone number][phone number]Posting End Date: [phone number]JUN-[phone number]Employee Class: Regular Part Time Date Available: [phone number]JUL-[phone number]Hours per Shift: [phone number][phone number]Length of Shift in weeks: [phone number]Shifts per cycle: [phone number]Shift Pattern: Days Days Off: Saturday/Sunday Minimum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Maximum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Vehicle Requirement: Not Applicable Required Qualifications: Completion of master's degree in Psychology in an applied area relevant to the practice setting from an accredited university program. Active or eligible for registration with the College of Alberta Psychologists (CAP). Additional Required Qualifications: A Master’s degree in Psychology in an applied area (clinical, counselling, or educational). Fully registered status is required Previous experience working with clients in addictions and mental health is preferred in this position, as well as experience with marginalized and incarcerated populations. The ability to communicate effectively and work collaboratively is essential. The successful applicant must be able to triage his or her work in order to provide the most effective level of service possible. Preferred Qualifications: Strong professional judgment, initiative and effective time management skills are necessary. Experience working with marginalized populations. The ability to work with various computer programs is an asset. Preference will be given to previous experience working with a population.

Example 2

Your Opportunity: Within Cancer Care Alberta (CCA), Supportive Care services are provided by a team of health care professionals dedicated to enhancing the quality of life of those affected by cancer in Alberta, by providing support and expert care from the time of cancer diagnosis, through treatment and beyond. The team of professionals that work within CCA are leaders in cancer prevention, diagnosis, treatment, survivorship and palliative care, all on a foundation of world-class research. As a member of the Department of Psychosocial Oncology, the Psychologist II provides psychological services in the areas of assessment, treatment, and consultation for complex patient pathologies resulting from cancer or cancer treatments. The Psychologist II provides specialized clinical psychological intervention in individual, couples/family, and group modalities, and utilizes virtual health technology to provide service ‘close to home’ for patients in Southern Alberta. Additionally, working closely with the Indigenous Cancer Patient Navigator, the incumbent will provide clinical services, consultation, and program development to support the needs of Indigenous people with cancer. The Psychologist II routinely collaborates and consults with medical, nursing and other members of the multi-disciplinary health team and community services. The Psychologist II may conduct program evaluation and/or research, and provide clinical supervision of trainees. Description: As a Psychologist II, you will provide advanced clinical services (including psychological assessment, diagnosis and/or intervention), consultation and education to the interprofessional team and patients/families, and/or provides clinical leadership and coordination in an assigned program area. This is an advanced level psychology position that will allow you to work with or within teams to provide and inform services for patients with complex and medical, psychological, interpersonal, environmental and/or instrumental needs. You will consult, collaborate, and enact initiatives to ensure that practices are evidence based and in alignment with psychology standards of practice and code of ethics, as well as policy, legislation and regulations. You will be expected to lead, facilitate and/or participate in program, policy, and procedure development, service planning, staff development, quality improvement and evaluation, and/or research activities as identified by the needs of the service area(s). You may provide supervision to doctoral level psychology residents, master's level interns, provisional psychologists, psychometrists and other team members. Classification: Psychologist II Union: HSAA Facility PROF/TECH Department: ACB TOM BKR CC Psychology Primary Location: Holy Cross Site Phase I Multi-Site: Not Applicable FTE: [phone number][phone number]Posting End Date: [phone number]JUN-[phone number]Employee Class: Regular Part Time Date Available: [phone number]AUG-[phone number]Hours per Shift: [phone number][phone number]Length of Shift in weeks: [phone number]Shifts per cycle: [phone number]Shift Pattern: Days Days Off: Saturday/Sunday Minimum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Maximum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Vehicle Requirement: Not Applicable Required Qualifications: Completion of doctoral degree in Psychology in an applied area relevant to the practice setting from a Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) or American Psychological Association (APA) program. An equivalent combination of education and experience may be considered. Active or eligible for registration with the College of Alberta Psychologists (CAP). Additional Required Qualifications: Minimum [phone number]year experience providing psychological services in an oncology setting. Experience providing interventions in individual, couples/family and group modalities. Knowledge and respect for the diversity of Indigenous populations and communities. Experience and knowledge of Indigenous people’s history, culture, traditions, understanding of the principles of cultural humility and safety. Preferred Qualifications: Minimum [phone number]years experience in medical settings. Experience in program and research. Experience in providing consultation and clinical supervision.

Example 3

Your Opportunity: Corrections Health offers health services to patients held in remand and provincial correctional centres. This population often has complex health issues, requiring health care services while in custody, and assistance upon release. While challenging, working in corrections allows staff to provide service to a marginalized population that is very rewarding to work with. Fort Saskatchewan Correctional Centre is a provincial correctional centre that houses approximately [phone number]remanded and sentenced clients. The Addictions and Mental Health team at this site includes psychologists, clinical social workers, RN/RPNs, social workers and addictions counsellors. They work collaboratively to provide assessment, treatment, and discharge planning to the client population at the centre, while also working with community-based resources. Reporting to the manager of Health Services, the successful applicant will provide psychological assessment, diagnosis, intervention and treatment as indicated to clients in the centre. The successful applicant will also evaluate the effectiveness of interventions on an ongoing basis, and respond as appropriate to promote positive client responses and outcomes. Previous experience working with clients in addictions and mental health will be an asset in this position, as well as experience with marginalized and incarcerated populations. The ability to communicate effectively and work collaboratively is essential. The successful applicant must be able to triage his or her work in order to provide the most effective level of service possible. Description: As a Psychologist I, you will work with or within teams to provide a range of standard level psychology services to patients and their families within the established standards, directives, and policies for the work environment. Your services may include: psychological screening and/or assessment, diagnosis, interventions, rehabilitation, prevention and promotion, as well as education activities. You will collaborate with the multi-disciplinary team of healthcare professionals in planning and implementing services that align with best practice and ethical and professional standards. You will provide input to the interprofessional team related to psychological factors, barriers and dynamics that influence client treatment planning, participation, outcomes and team functioning, and with teams and community services. Your duties may also include providing supervision to psychometrists, provisional psychologists and/or masters level psychology students, and providing input into program, policy and/or procedure development in addition to participating in formal research initiatives. Classification: Psychologist I Union: HSAA Facility PROF/TECH Department: Psych Corrections Clinic Primary Location: Fort Saskatchewan Correc Ctr Multi-Site: Not Applicable FTE: [phone number][phone number]Posting End Date: [phone number]JUN-[phone number]Employee Class: Regular Part Time Date Available: [phone number]JUL-[phone number]Hours per Shift: [phone number][phone number]Length of Shift in weeks: [phone number]Shifts per cycle: [phone number]Shift Pattern: Days Days Off: Saturday/Sunday Minimum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Maximum Salary: $[phone number][phone number]Vehicle Requirement: Not Applicable Required Qualifications: Completion of master's degree in Psychology in an applied area relevant to the practice setting from an accredited university program. Active or eligible for registration with the College of Alberta Psychologists (CAP). Additional Required Qualifications: A Master’s degree in Psychology in an applied area (clinical, counselling, or educational). Fully registered status is required. Strong professional judgment, initiative and effective time management skills are necessary. Experience working with marginalized populations. Preferred Qualifications: The ability to work with various computer programs is an asset. Preference will be given to previous experience working with a population.

What does a Psychologist do?

A Psychologist is a member of an interdisciplinary health team to help patients suffering from mental health issues to integrate and deal with daily life. Psychologists spend time examining patients to properly diagnose them and provide therapy to help them work through whatever mental illness they are suffering from. A Psychologist will often use standard testing to properly diagnose a patient. Psychologists may also be responsible for creating intervention programs and determining the best treatment methods. 

Psychologist skills and qualifications

A successful Psychologist candidate possesses various prerequisite skills and qualifications for the duties of this job. Some of these may include: 

  • Strong counselling skills and the ability to deal with a range of mental health illnesses
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication skills, both written and verbal
  • Strong diagnostic skills
  • Ability to initiate and model positive change with excellent team-building skills
  • Ability to work independently and as part of a team
  • Excellent organizational and time management skills
  • Ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • Excellent and thorough knowledge of a range of mental health illnesses

Psychologist experience requirements 

When reviewing resumes for an entry-level Psychologist, prior experience isn’t always necessary if they meet the educational requirements. However, if previous experience is required then look for someone with at least two to three years of experience. It is also best to look for someone who has experience working with a similar demographic or type of mental health issues such as children or the elderly. If it’s required, look for someone who has experience providing support and therapy sessions virtually as well as in person. 

Psychologist education and training requirements 

When reviewing resumes for a Psychologist, look for someone who has at least a Master’s degree in Psychology if the applicant will be working in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, or the Northwest Territories. If the applicant will be working in Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, or British Columbia than the applicant should have at least a doctoral degree in Psychology. Prince Edward Island requires an applicant to have a doctoral degree if they will be working privately and a master’s degree if they plan on working for an institution or agency. Most provinces will also require applicants to have successfully passed the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) and be registered with the provincial college of Psychologists. 

Psychologist salary expectations 

According to Indeed Salaries, the average salary for a Psychologist in Canada is $127,080 per year. The salary can vary depending on many factors including experience, location, or the company that is hiring. 

Job description samples for similar positions 

If a Psychologist role is not quite what you are looking for, other related job descriptions include: 

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Psychologist job description FAQs

What qualities make a good Psychologist?

When looking for a Psychologist, look for someone who has lots of patience, empathy, and understanding for a range of different mental health issues. The right candidate should have a passion for helping people and wanting to make a difference. 

What makes a good Psychologist job description?

A good Psychologist job description will go into detail about the type of patients the applicant is expected to work with daily. It is also important to specify the kind of environment they will be working in such as a hospital, private practice, or educational institution. To make your job description stand out, it is best to include the salary or hourly rate for the position as well.

What is the difference between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist?

While many people tend to get Psychologists and Psychiatrists confused, they are quite different roles with different responsibilities. The main difference between the two is that a Psychiatrist is a medical doctor, whereas a Psychologist may be classified as a doctor through obtaining a PhD. Psychiatrists can diagnose mental illness, manage treatment, and provide therapy through medication or other means. A Psychologist by contrast is only able to provide non-medical therapy for their patients.

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