Web Developer Skills: Definitions and Examples

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated December 6, 2022

Published June 21, 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

The increasing prominence of technology has created new roles for professional web developers. Companies need skilled people to develop applications and websites to meet their needs. If you intend to start a new career in web development, you need to gain the right skills to stand out. In this article, we explore what web developer skills are, provide examples, and explain how you can develop your skills to improve your career.

What are web developer skills?

Web developer skills are the abilities you need to start your web development career and perform well in the role. These fall into one of two categories, either hard or soft skills. You can gain these through training, education, and regular practice. You must have the right balance of technical and personal skills for a company to deem you fit for a web developer role.

Related: Web Designer vs. Web Developer: Definitions and Differences

Examples of web developer skills

Here are some examples of web developer skills you need to develop to remain relevant in the industry:

HTML/CSS skills

CSS and HTML skills are vital to your performance as it allows you to create and style webpages. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it functions to provide structure to a web page on the internet. CSS is Cascading Style Sheets, and web developers use it to give style, font, and colour to a web page. Therefore, you must understand their uses to develop functional and aesthetically pleasing web pages.

JavaScript skills

JavaScript handles your interactions with any website, including elements that respond in real-time, like online games. It allows you to add relevant functions to a web page. So it's an essential skill for you to learn. It enables you to design interactive web pages that can engage and meet user needs.

SQL skills

While JavaScript, HTML, and CSS contribute to the structure of a website, SQL helps web developers manage a database. Data is increasingly essential to web development, and an understanding of SQL ensures you can interact with data. You need to be proficient in using SQL queries to create a database and select, update, and delete data.

Version control

Version control systems allow you to track your processes and restore previous work versions, which saves time in cases of progress loss. With this, you can stay on track to complete your task, even when challenges arise. An example of a version control system is GitHub.

Responsive design skills

People browse the internet with various devices ranging from computers to mobile phones. So, you must create website designs that can adapt to both desktops and mobile phones. Responsive design skills ensure you can achieve this, which satisfies end-users and your client.

Analytical skills

Creating successful websites requires your analytical skills. Understanding client and end-user needs are at the core of a successful product, which is why analytical skills are so vital. First, you must identify client and end-user needs, identify products that can meet them, and assess your codes for functionality and optimal performance.

Research skills

As a web developer, you need strong research skills to help you find solutions to problems you might encounter when starting. With this, you can monitor trends, solve problems, learn alternative methods, keep up with changes, and stay relevant in web development.

Interpersonal skills

You will need to collaborate with other web developers and programmers, so you need to build good interpersonal skills. With this, you can convince companies you can collaborate with others to achieve the company's goals.

However, even when you decide to work alone, you need to collaborate with clients, and your interpersonal skills are key to achieving this. By improving your interpersonal skills, you can communicate better with clients, understand all their needs, and maintain healthy working relationships.

Related: Interpersonal Skills: Definition and Examples

Testing and debugging

Companies need web developers that can deliver functional and bug-free products to clients. So you must be able to test your products to identify bugs and eliminate such bugs. You must have experience using various testing tools, whether for functional or unit testing. You must also be able to optimize your web pages by debugging your codes.

Back-end basic skills

You need to work with back-end developers or perform back-end tasks yourself as a web developer or software engineer. You need to understand the basics of back-end development. In addition, you must understand the functioning of APIs, cybersecurity, and servers to ensure you can provide value to your employer or client.

Search engine optimization (SEO) skills

Companies now rely on website traffic to increase revenue, so they need web developers to create optimized pages that will rank high during searches. To fit into their needs, you must understand search engine optimization and the use of keywords. This ensures your web pages can rank higher on search engines like Google.

How to improve web developer skills

You must improve your web developer skills to stay relevant in the industry. Follow these steps to improve your web developer skills:

1. Write code regularly

You need to be consistent with coding as this improves your overall understanding of coding. It also improves your typing speed and accuracy and ensures you can identify mistakes. You can make use of free online tools and programs to practice coding.

2. Learn new techniques

The internet offers unlimited content that you can use to develop your skills. Ensure you leverage this free knowledge to learn new things that complement your skills. For instance, you can learn a new programming language online. This helps you become versatile and relevant in your workplace. However, you must be ready to leave your comfort zone to learn and improve continuously.

3. Take regular breaks

You must prioritize regular breaks, as this allows for recharging yourself and applying yourself to new tasks. This will also help you protect your physical and mental wellbeing, which is important to maintaining productivity and delivering as a web developer. For example, you can meditate or engage in social or recreational activities to recharge yourself. The key is to maintain a healthy work-life balance.

4. Teach others what you know

Teaching others what you know is an excellent way to continue learning. This ensures you can assess your knowledge, identify gaps, and know where to improve your skill. You can offer free courses to colleagues and friends, or host an online course to share the basics you've mastered.

5. Find a mentor

Every professional can benefit from finding a mentor, including those who work in web development. You can create a mentor-mentee relationship with an experienced developer within your professional network. You need to inform them of your intention to be their mentee and show commitment to developing your skills.

6. Join a community

You can also join a web development community that allows you to interact with multiple web developers, share ideas, and improve your skills. With this, you get access to new methods, resources, and insight from like-minded people. Communities also help you become accountable as you would strive to improve along with other community members.

Demonstrating your web developer skills

You need to exhibit your web developer skills to your hiring manager and potential employers to convince them you're right for the job. Here are some ways to demonstrate your web developer skills:

Web developer skills on your resume

Your resume allows you to show the skills that a web developer requires concisely. You can create a skills section and highlight your relevant abilities. Ensure that your resume is error-free as it's an example of your attention to detail. You can always use your work experience section to offer practical examples of when you demonstrated those skills.

Read more: How to Create a Developer Resume (With Tips and Example)

Web developer skills in your cover letter

Your cover letter is a great opportunity to expand on the skills you listed in your resume. You can tie these skills to your compatibility with an employer. Ensure that you consider the organization and role to get the best result.

Related: Writing a Cover Letter (With Tips and Examples)

Web developer skills at work

You need to highlight your web developer skills in your interactions with your manager and colleagues at work. Some ways to achieve this include:

  • Listen attentively. Pay attention to your client's needs through active listening. This ensures you can understand the client's needs and work towards satisfying them.

  • Maximize your time. Divide your tasks into parts and set realistic deadlines for them and work towards achieving them. This allows you to achieve more, develop yourself, and become reliable.

  • Incorporate feedback. Be prepared to use feedback to improve your existing process. Look out for constructive criticism from your supervisor, reflect on it, and improve on areas that they highlight.

  • Be adaptive. Pay attention to emerging innovations, and how you can use them to increase efficiency and improve your performance. Be willing to learn new things and stay up to date in the industry.

Please note that none of the companies, institutions, or organizations mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

Related: Software Developer vs. Web Developer (Plus IT Skills)

Explore more articles