7 Types of Architects (And Related Careers to Consider)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published June 10, 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Architects are professionals who plan, design, and oversee construction projects. There are several architecture specializations available in diverse sectors, depending on a professional's training and career goals. Learning about the different architecture fields available to specialize in can help you make a more informed career decision. In this article, we explain why you might consider learning about architectural specializations, present a list of various types of architects, and discuss related careers in the field.

Why learn about the types of architects?

You can consider learning about the different types of architects to help you determine which specialization is suitable for you. All architects create designs, but different categories exist for different types of designs and construction periods. Regardless of your preferred type, you can expect to apply your design, technology, and creativity skills in this field.


  • How To Become an Architect

  • 21 Jobs in Architecture (With Salaries and Duties)

7 types of architects

Depending on your interests in architecture, here are seven kinds of architect roles, including their national average salaries and primary duties:

1. Building architect

National average salary: $73,411 per year

Primary duties: Building architects design, plan, and implement the elements of building structures. They control building construction projects from the start to the end to help ensure high-quality, innovative, and functional designs of structures. They also prepare drawings, feasibility reports, and design proposals for clients. These professionals can work in various settings, such as public organizations, private firms, and government sectors.

2. Data warehouse architect

National average salary: $122,717 per year

Primary duties: Data warehouse architects plan, design, and maintain data management solutions. They analyze an organization's data needs, develop database management solutions, and deploy data management software for storing and receiving cloud or machine storage data. Professional data warehouse architects work for nonprofit organizations, private corporations, and government entities. A data warehouse architect combines their advanced tech skills and architectural design expertise to design data warehousing software that can support an organization's data security and storage needs.

3. Landscape architect

National average salary: $77,214 per year

Primary duties: Landscape architects create landscape designs for outdoor locations, such as community gardens and playgrounds. They often have expertise in horticulture and use that knowledge to determine how to coordinate natural elements in the environment. A landscape architect decides what type of trees, flowers, and other greenery can stay in specific locations. They also create contract documents and oversee the construction of landscape development for commercial projects, office complexes, golf courses, and residential real estate developments.

Related: What Is a Landscape Architect vs. Landscape Designer

4. Project architect

National average salary: $84,252 per year

Primary duties: A project architect directs the architectural elements of a project's design and development. They create plans and blueprints for the projects they coordinate. Project architects oversee the construction of commercial, industrial, and residential building projects and help ensure they meet the specification requirements of the architectural project. They also meet with clients and stakeholders to initiate project design, prepare budgets, and oversee projects' timely and profitable completion.

5. Enterprise architect

National average salary: $110,396 per year

Primary duties: Enterprise architects work with an organization's IT network and services department. They oversee, improve, and upgrade enterprise services, hardware, and software. These professionals strategize and constantly search for new software or services that may improve an organization's business processes. They determine and prioritize the software to update or replace, and maintain the products or services that support business operations across every department in the organization.

Related: What Is Enterprise Architecture (With Goals and Benefits)

6. Urban architect

National average salary: $58,807 per year

Primary duties: Urban architects develop and oversee the entire area of a community or neighbourhood. They focus on designing areas as a whole rather than individual buildings in city planning. In their planning and design process, they consider all environmental factors, such as skylines, street layouts, and trees and shrubs. Urban architects decide the location of specific buildings facilities, such as residential houses, commercial shops, public utility buildings, street networks, bridges, and other infrastructure within a city or province.

7. Industrial architect

National average salary: $106,692 per year

Primary duties: Industrial architects design structures for industrial use, such as factories, warehouses, power plants, production and processing plants, storage buildings, and distribution and logistics facilities. They consider a client's industry and integrate the processes, equipment, and machinery of the specific industry to create a functional building design. An industrial architect's main goal is to provide a space that can help streamline the business's operations while providing a comfortable space for customers.

Other careers related to architecture

If the field of architecture interests you, here are other related careers you can explore:

1. Structural designer

National average salary: $65,530 per year

Primary duties: Structural designers collaborate with engineers and supervising architects to develop sketches and designs for a physical structure. They design, develop, and oversee the construction of new buildings and bridges or extensions to existing structures. They review and revise construction drawings to create the updated version for the final construction plans. A structural designer follows all safety standards in their designs and communicates any project flaw or issues to the attending manager.

2. Architectural project manager

National average salary: $70,153 per year

Primary duties: An architectural project manager supervises the design and development of building plans. They estimate the total costs needed to execute a project and monitor project designs to help ensure it meets the client's requirements. Architectural project managers also manage contractors to help ensure that the construction team develops functional structures according to the designs. They also consult with clients and manage project schedules to complete them before the deadline.

3. Architectural designer

National average salary: $58,931 per year

Primary duties: An architectural designer typically works in an entry-level position at an architectural firm. They work with digital tools to draft and design building project ideas under the supervision of certified professional architects. Architectural designers meet with clients and create drawings, designs, and layouts according to clients' specifications. They also work to comply with industry regulations. These professionals collect design requirements for new constructions, altercations, or repairs and prepare the initial architecture design based on the requirements. They submit the architectural plans to supervising management for review and approval.

Related: How to Become an Architect Designer in 4 Steps

4. Senior graphic designer

National average salary: $59,029 per year

Primary duties: Senior graphic designers use physical and digital design tools to create illustrations for an architectural specification or design. They typically work with architects and designers to develop a construction project's outline and building plans. They also supervise and mentor design team members on project execution and submit performance reports on assigned projects to executives for appraisal.

5. Mechanical designer

National average salary: $63,993 per year

Primary duties: Mechanical designers create designs and technical drawings of various mechanical equipment, tools, devices, and machinery. They collaborate with engineers and architects to improve the design of manufacturing systems and processes. These designers develop preliminary and final designs of mechanical structures according to the company's procedures, regulations, and client standards. They also create drawings for new products or revise the designs of existing products and provide the foundation for a quality product.

6. Engineering technician

National average salary: $31.99 per hour

Primary duties: Engineering technicians assist engineers in solving technical problems by developing and designing appropriate equipment. They perform research, build prototypes, inspect products, and report to the supervising engineer. An engineering technician analyzes plans for construction and design, helps construct the products, and provides suggestions on improving products or equipment. They write reports of daily laboratory activities and maintain records and files of completed engineering works. They may also provide customer support and help ensure work sites are clean and safe.

7. BIM modeler

National average salary: $59,029 per year

Primary duties: A professional working in building and information modelling (BIM) creates the design model that engineering and architectural teams use to design buildings. They use building information modelling software to develop three-dimensional visual plans for projects. They create and update BIM models based on contract drawings and clients' specifications while ensuring the integrity and quality of the models.

8. Structural engineer

National average salary: $72,915 per year

Primary duties: Structural engineers design, plan, and oversee the construction of new buildings and bridges, or the alteration and extension of existing structures. They calculate loads and stresses and select appropriate construction materials for projects. Structural engineers aim to construct structures that are safe and capable of withstanding loads and improve the structural integrity of existing buildings. They liaise with building architects to manage projects and prepare reports, designs, and drawings.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries and quoted websites at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on a hiring organization and a candidate's experience, academic background, and location.

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