10 Technology Careers (With Salaries and Primary Duties)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated November 28, 2022 | Published October 18, 2021

Updated November 28, 2022

Published October 18, 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

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Sarah, a software engineer, shows you a day in the life of a remote software engineer including work hours, work environment and job duties.

As technology is constantly advancing and evolving, so are the careers associated with it. As more technological advances are available, the number of jobs in the field increase. Learning more about technology careers is helpful if you are considering a job in the field so that you can find a job that suitable for you. In this article, we explain what technology careers are, discuss ten careers in technology, and explore the salaries and primary duties for each role.

Related: The Top 25 Best Paying Technology Jobs (With Salaries)

What are technology careers?

Technology careers are typically careers where employees work at a computer to achieve different goals. A career in technology can be fulfilling work, and often involves creating new innovations which make people's lives easier and offering solutions to some of the world's biggest problems. Most industries use technology, such as health, agriculture, entertainment, and transportation, so there are a wide variety of jobs available in this field all over the world. This gives those you the opportunity to work in an industry that aligns with your interests and the flexibility to live in a place that suits you.

Related: 15 Exciting Jobs in Computers To Explore for the Future

Careers in technology

Here are several exciting careers in technology that may interest you:

1. Cloud engineer

National average salary: $95,722 per year

Primary duties: Cloud engineers assess a company's tech infrastructures and transfer processes and functions to a cloud-based infrastructure. They plan, design, and develop cloud-based applications and software. They may work closely with technical teams to solve or troubleshoot any issues and find solutions with the cloud-based process. Cloud engineers often design and build various types of web services within a cloud-based environment.

2. Computer programmer

National average salary: $34.48 per hour

Primary duties: Computer programmers write codes that enable software applications to run. They may use various computer languages for creating, testing, and fixing computer programs. Computer programmers often work closely with engineers and software developers to create plans for applications. They may be responsible for the coding so that computer operating systems can execute the programs. As computer programmers often spend many hours writing code, it's beneficial to be fluent in computer languages, such as Java, JavaScript, C++, Python, Swift, and Ruby. Some common roles in computer programming include:

  • application programmer

  • computer hardware programmer

  • game programmer

  • senior programmer

  • senior programmer analyst

  • system programmer

  • web programmer

Related: Understanding the Difference Between Coding vs. Programming

3. Computer support specialist

National average salary: $42,225 per year

Primary duties: Computer support specialists provide technical support for computers. They often work within IT departments of companies and are responsible for managing servers, installing software, and handling any technical problems employees encounter with their computers. They can also provide customer support to users at home who encounter issues with computer hardware or software. Some common computer support specialist roles include:

  • customer support administrator

  • customer support specialist

  • desktop support manager

  • desktop support specialist

  • help desk specialist

  • help desk technician

  • IT support manager

  • IT support specialist

  • IT systems administrator

  • senior support specialist

  • senior system administrator

  • support specialist

  • systems administrator

  • technical specialist

  • technical support engineer

  • technical support specialist

4. Cybersecurity specialist

National average salary: $95,978 per year

Primary duties: Cybersecurity specialists are information technology professionals responsible for maintaining the safety of a company's software and network security system. They develop, test, apply, and analyze the effectiveness of various security systems. It is helpful for cybersecurity specialists to be knowledgeable about potential vulnerabilities and that solutions and strategies for threat prevention and intervention. Cybersecurity specialisst have a junior role, as they perform entry-level tasks and complete both technical and administrative functions.

As cybersecurity specialists progress in their careers, they may become one of the following:

  • chief information security officer

  • computer security incident responder

  • cryptanalyst

  • intrusion detection specialist

  • penetration tester

  • security analyst

  • security engineer

  • security software developer

  • source code auditor

  • virus technician

  • vulnerability assessor

5. Data analyst

National average salary: $76,825 per year

Primary duties: Data analysts collect and review large amounts of data from various sources. They often translate data into information that businesses use to make decisions. Data analysts also assess company stakeholders' questions and identify the data that can answer them. To achieve this, they employ statistical modelling and data analysis software applications that identify patterns, trends, figures, numbers, and various other types of data. They then prepare reports, graphs, and diagrams to communicate their findings with stakeholders. Some related roles in data analytics include:

  • business intelligence analyst

  • data analytics consultant

  • data engineer

  • data scientist

  • digital marketing analyst

  • IT systems analyst

  • quantitative analyst

Related: Everything You Need To Know About Data Science as a Career

6. Database administrator

National average salary: $44,737 per year

Primary duties: Database administrators (DBAs) are responsible for maintaining and managing software databases, such as user accounts, statistical surveys, client records, library catalogues, and census information. They often provide secure access to databases and create backup solutions to prevent data loss in the event of system failure. DBAs may help develop stages of database systems. They can also diagnose and troubleshoot database system issues, install patches and updates to optimize database systems, test modifications to database structures, and update anti-virus software. Some common careers related to database administration include:

  • application DBA

  • database analyst

  • database architect

  • data modeller

  • data warehouse administrator

  • performance analyst

  • system DBA

  • task-oriented DBA

7. IT sales professional

National average salary: $70,250 per year

Primary duties: Information technology (IT) sales professionals help commercial clients find the right technological software and hardware. To achieve this, IT sales professionals get to know their client's specific and diverse business needs, applying product knowledge to meet these needs. They maintain updated knowledge of technical specifications and other features of their employers' processes and systems to ensure quality service. IT sales professionals also perform cold calls to create interest in IT services and products, identify and develop new business contacts by networking, and prepare and deliver demonstrations and presentations of software to potential clients.

Some other common careers in IT sales include:

  • internet sales associate

  • IT accounts executive (AE)

  • IT accounts manager

  • IT marketing manager

  • IT regional sales manager

  • IT sales operations manager

  • sales engineer

  • software sales representative

  • technical sales engineer

  • technical sales representative

8. Network engineer

National average salary: $79,713 per year

Primary duties: Network engineers, or network administrators, often work for a company's IT department. They typically help ensure that the company's network hardware and computer systems are running efficiently. Network engineers are often responsible for installing new hardware, running diagnostics, and completing routine software updates. They also set up safety measures against viruses, malware, and other potential threats to network security. Some relevant careers in network engineering include:

  • campus/controller/cluster area network (CAN) engineer

  • global area network (GAN) engineer

  • local area network (LAN) engineer

  • metropolitan area network (MAN) engineer

  • personal area network (PAN) engineer

  • storage/system/server/small area network (SAN) engineer

  • wide area network (WAN) engineer

  • wireless local area network (WLAN) engineer

9. Software engineer

National average salary: $76,368 per year

Primary duties: Software engineers use engineering principles and systems to create applications and operating data for computers. They may collaborate with developers and other engineers to develop new software. Software engineers often recommend software upgrades for established systems and document a system in detail, which assists those who perform future maintenance. Some common careers in software engineering include:

  • back-end engineer

  • CRM project manager

  • data scientist

  • DevOps engineer

  • front-end engineer

  • full-stack engineer

  • mobile developer

  • quality assurance engineer

  • security engineer

  • software integration engineer

  • three-dimensional graphics developer

  • video game designer

Related: How to Write a DevOps Resume (With Steps and Example)

10. Web developer

National average salary: $27.41 per hour

Primary duties: Web developers are responsible for writing code used to create websites, both at the front end, which includes the website that users see, and the back end, which is the side that delivers information to the front end. They may assist designers in creating a website's appearance and including a method for visitors to provide feedback. Often, web developers learn the company requirements or client requests for websites, analyze user feedback, and make changes accordingly. They often implement testing tools to monitor the website and keep software updated to ensure that websites and related software are secure.

As a web developer, it's helpful to learn various coding languages, such as PHP, HTML5, JavaScript, Cascading Style Sheets, ASP.NET, Oracle, SQL Server, and AngularJS. Some common career advancement opportunities in web development include:

  • front-end developer

  • senior web administrator

  • senior web developer

  • web administrator

  • web developer

  • webmaster

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries or the quotes websites at time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organization and a candidate's experience, academic background, and location. Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

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