11 Exciting Jobs in Zoology (With Duties and Salary)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated October 16, 2022 | Published September 7, 2021

Updated October 16, 2022

Published September 7, 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Zoology is the study of animals, including their behaviours, physiology, structures, and scientific organization. It is a specialty within the area of biology and requires an interest in animal welfare and research. Understanding the various career options available to those with a zoology degree can help you identify if this is the path for you. In this article, we discuss what jobs in zoology are, the skills necessary to obtain them, and provide a list of 11 jobs in the field, along with their salaries and job duties, for you to review.

What are jobs in zoology?

There are zoology jobs throughout various industries, including health care, environmental studies, conservation, and research. These jobs typically require a bachelor's degree in biology with a focus on zoology. If a job involves studying or interacting with animals, then having a background in zoology can help you with the role.

Skills needed for careers in zoology

There are several crucial skills for any zoology related career, such as:

Scientific thought process

The scientific thought process is a framework used by all scientists. Like any other type of scientist, a zoologist applies scientific rules and principles, conduct experiments to gain evidence of their theories, and remain observant and neutral. They use their cellular biology, chemistry, anatomy, and ecology expertise to develop probable theories and then use scientific equipment and software to prove or disprove their ideas.

Observation and critical thinking

A zoologist needs exceptional observation and critical thinking skills. When completing research in the field, they need to have great attention to detail, accuracy, and observation skills to notice subtle changes and differences in animals and their environment. Taking detailed notes and analyzing the information and data found during studies is vital for a zoologist's job.

Written communication skills

Any zoology career that involves research and study requires an ability to communicate effectively in writing. Whether writing a research paper to submit to a scientific journal or creating content to share with the public about conservation, a zoologist articulates their ideas with ease and focus to their audience. Organizing their thoughts, adding in scientific details, and presenting their findings so that the reader understands is critical to their success.

Physical endurance

While only some careers in zoology require physical endurance, several fieldwork positions require the ability to be outdoors in the environment for extended periods. Many careers in zoology study and research animals in their natural habitats and can require weeks or months in remote locations. In addition, gathering data and samples may mean you deal with poor weather and unpredictable animals.

11 jobs in zoology

Here are 11 careers to consider in the field of zoology:

1. Zookeeper

National average salary: $18.16 per hour

Primary duties: A zookeeper takes care of the animals at a zoo or wildlife sanctuary. They prepare the animal's diet, clean their enclosures, and provide stimulating and natural activities. In addition, a zookeeper watches out for signs of distress, illness, or injury of the animals and reports any changes in behaviour or appetite. They also educate the public about the animals in the zoo's care by giving guided tours or public presentations.

Read more: 4 Steps To Become a Zookeeper

2. Veterinary technician

National average salary: $21.34 per hour

Primary duties: A veterinary technician assists a veterinarian by collecting samples from the animal and assisting with treatment and surgery. They conduct procedures for the vet, such as x-rays, scans, and taking blood or biopsy samples for further diagnosis. In addition, a veterinary technician speaks with the animal's owner to provide updates on care and test results. They also care for the animals in veterinarian care by offering companionship and care, cleaning and feeding the animal as needed, and providing a clean and sterile environment.

3. Environmental scientist

National average salary: $56,565 per year

Primary duties: An environmental scientist works to create environmental response plans for various ecosystems and locations to help ensure the protection and preservation of the environment. They study the environmental impact of events, such as chemical spills, natural disasters, and urban sprawl. They often collaborate with federal and provincial agencies to prepare for ecological disasters. An environmental scientist also conducts research and analyzes samples and other data to study the vitality of an ecosystem, including affected plants and animals.

4. Technical writer

National average salary: $56,810 per year

Primary duties: A technical writer creates various scientific and technical documents, such as reports, research papers, textbooks, and journals. They collect the scientific data and present it constructively to best relay the information to the audience. For example, they can collaborate with wildlife biologists to create a university textbook for students or work with ecologists to prepare a report to submit to government officials. While they may conduct some research themselves, their primary focus is to create a document that provides the required information to a specific reader.

5. Marine biologist

National average salary: $65,841 per year

Primary duties: A marine biologist studies animals, plants, and habitats within the ocean environment. Often working on a ship or in a laboratory setting, they observe animals in their natural habitat to better understand how they live and thrive, including feeding habits, reproductive cycles, and migration patterns. In addition, a marine biologist researches the impact of human interaction and makes recommendations for conservation and population recovery of animals such as salmon, whales, and orcas.

Read more: How To Become a Marine Biologist (With Duties and Traits)

6. Ecologist

National average salary: $69,108 per year

Primary duties: An ecologist studies the interaction between living entities and their environment, including plants and animals. For example, they may explore the relationship between wildlife predators and prey and work closely with conservation officers and wildlife biologists. An ecologist can also study the impact of human interaction or urban sprawl on wildlife ecosystems and habitats. They also work with government officials to manage fish, wildlife, and forestry resources sustainably while designing wildlife reserves and recovery plans for vulnerable ecosystems.

7. Medical technologist

National average salary: $34.52 per hour

Primary duties: A medical technologist, also known as a clinical laboratory technician, studies blood, bodily fluids, and tissue samples for medical evaluation. They perform various lab tests and procedures to look for diseases, illnesses, and disorders to help medical professionals diagnose and treat individuals. As a zoology career, a medical technologist may work in a pharmaceutical company testing new drugs or completing blood studies for pets or wildlife in a veterinary laboratory.

8. Conservation officer

National average salary: $35.00 per hour

Primary duties: A conservation officer enforces federal and provincial wildlife regulations by patrolling wildlife habitats, parks, lakes, and rivers. Also known as fish and wildlife officers, they educate the public on wildlife management and proper harvesting of fish and animals. In addition, a conservation officer investigates complaints of wildlife regulation disobedience or mismanagement. Working closely with wildlife biologists, they collect samples in the field for further studies of wildlife populations and animal health. They also provide training on firearms safety and trapper education.

9. Wildlife biologist

National average salary: $74,700 per year

Primary duties: A wildlife biologist studies wildlife biology, habitat, and behaviour in their natural environment. They study ecosystems and wildlife interaction through observational research studies. They can also complete research by trapping and tagging animals in the wild to gather critical data on movement, breeding, and life cycles. A wildlife biologist can focus on identifying and tracking wildlife disease transmission, or they may focus on the impact of human urbanization on wildlife ecosystems. They can also create land and water usage plans for responsible wildlife conservation or work to save endangered species through public education and awareness.

Read more: A Comprehensive Guide on How To Become a Wildlife Biologist

10. Fisheries manager

National average salary: $76,101 per year

Primary duties: A fisheries manager oversees all activities within a particular fishery. This can include monitoring the health and growth of a fish population, maintaining fishery equipment and machinery, and managing fishery technicians to ensure the safe and effective care of the fish. A fisheries manager also represents the fishery in government and regulatory counsels and ensures the fishery abides by all licensing requirements and legislature.

Related: How To Become a Fisheries Scientist in 6 Steps

11. Veterinarian

National average salary: $97,106 per year

Primary duties: A veterinarian provides health care and treatment for animals, including wildlife and personal pets. In addition, they provide preventative care such as health checks, vaccinations, and spaying or neutering in companion animals. A veterinarian also diagnoses and treats animal illnesses and injuries through medication, therapies, and surgical intervention. Veterinarians who work with personal companion animals also offer the animal owners education and at-home care information.

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