A List of 5 New Ways of Working in Modern Organizations

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published November 12, 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Advancements in technology have changed the way that many companies operate. From the traditional arrangement that involves going to the office and working at a set schedule, organizations are now implementing new ways of working that mostly involve adopting a digital workplace. Knowing the systems in place in modern companies may help you determine the kind of organization you may want to be a part of if you're applying for a job. In this article, we list five ways of working in modern organizations, discuss their benefits, and describe the technological innovations companies incorporate in these new working arrangements.

5 new ways of working in modern organizations

Here's a list of ways of working in modern organizations:

1. Flexible work arrangements

Flexible work arrangements are work schedules and environments without the regular constraints of a traditional job. The arrangements typically consider an employee's personal needs and preferences to allow them to align their working hours with their personal responsibilities and duties. This arrangement, which many people call flex work, is an ideal environment for parents, working students, individuals with multiple jobs, and other people with major life commitments. Some examples of this new way of working include:

  • work from home arrangements

  • compressed work week schedule

  • choice to work full-time or part-time

Related: The Benefits of Working from Home

2. Freelancing

Freelance workers often refer to themselves as self-employed individuals. The typical work arrangement is part time and on a short-term or per contract basis. Freelancers usually set a specific number of hours per week or month for work. They may also enter into a retainer agreement with a client. This is a type of business relationship in which a client hires a freelancer to provide a specific service or task for a certain period of time, and commits to paying a fixed amount for a set number of hours.

Freelancers may work for multiple clients at once, depending on their workload and availability. They may also accept work from a single client on a recurring basis. This arrangement is a great way to keep a flexible schedule and earn income, especially for individuals who prefer to work from home or on a project-by-project basis. It's also an opportunity to supplement their primary income source and explore new career paths. Some types of freelance work include teaching, writing, web design, programming, social media management, and graphic design.

Related: A Beginner's Guide to Freelance Jobs

3. Telecommuting

Telecommuting is an arrangement in which employees work from home or from another remote facility instead of travelling to work at an office building or another central location. This way of working saves businesses on infrastructure costs by allowing their employees to work at any place that's convenient for them. It involves remote employees communicating with each other and with their managers through videoconferencing, e-mail correspondence, instant messaging, or the telephone. It also entails the use of technology, in particular productivity and project management software, to track work progress and accomplish tasks.

In this setup, a manager or supervisor usually assigns daily tasks to their remote team members, who typically still follow regular work hours. Management may also require employees in this work arrangement to attend in-person meetings from time to time. There are many advantages to this arrangement, such as helping employees save on gas and transport costs, giving them more time to spend on non-work activities, and allowing them to avoid inclement weather and work from their preferred location. These factors may improve their productivity, increase their job satisfaction, and encourage company loyalty. Some examples of telecommuting jobs include:

  • customer service representative

  • web designer

  • software engineer

  • graphic designer

  • telemarketer

Related: What Is Teleworking? (With Advantages and Disadvantages)

4. Teleworking

Teleworking is an employment set-up wherein employees work outside the organization's main office. This means they may work from home or another location, such as a library, coffee shop, or co-working space. They may also work at one of the company's branch offices or the headquarters of a client. They connect and communicate with their colleagues and management through the use of online communication tools.

Teleworking is different from telecommuting. It's broader in scope and telecommuting is one way of doing it. While both arrangements allow employees to work outside the traditional workplace, teleworking may require going to another location to accomplish work-related tasks. An example of this is when it's necessary for a teleworking employee to work at the office of a client for several days.

Related: Zoom vs. Webex and the Benefits of Videoconferencing

5. Job sharing

Job sharing is a work set-up wherein two or more people work part-time schedules to complete tasks that a company typically assigns to one full-time employee. This arrangement is for people who want to reduce their working hours for various reasons, including other commitments that may make them unable to perform full-time work. This may also work for those who are looking for a lighter workload without resorting to quitting work altogether.

The individuals sharing a role may be responsible for different projects or activities. They may determine how to share a workspace, a computer, and other materials to keep their files well-organized and easy to retrieve. There are two types of job-sharing arrangements. The first is the twin model, wherein job-sharing employees work together to accomplish the same task. The second type is the island model, wherein job-sharing employees independently work on different tasks.

Related: What Is a Flexible Worker? (Plus Flexible Careers)

Benefits of new working arrangements

There are various benefits of adopting new work arrangements for both organizations and employees. For example, using modern technology and adopting flexible working arrangements may improve employee engagement and retention and increase their morale. This may result in better quality work and higher productivity, which may lead to an increase in profits for the business. Other benefits may include:

  • Creates a culture of equality. The digital age is slowly changing the old working practices of following hierarchical structures. Employees are now sharing knowledge and best practices to achieve better end results.

  • Provides more work flexibility. Modern technology allows for greater work flexibility. Employees can now share files, communicate, and accomplish their tasks virtually.

  • Enhances work-life balance. Today's employees can now pursue their career goals without sacrificing their personal life. Flexible work arrangements allow them to maintain a work-life balance.

Technology innovations to incorporate in new working arrangements

The use of various technological innovations may help simplify the transition of any traditional company to a modern organization with a flexible workspace. Taking advantage of these modernizations may be beneficial for both the organization and their employees. Here are five innovations to consider to modernize the way a company operates:

Design thinking

This entails a set of practical, cognitive, and strategic processes applicable to any industry. This methodology allows organizations to easily identify the right resolutions for their clients and help create better products. Here are the five stages of design thinking:

  • use of empathy to better understand clients

  • clearly defining a user's issues and needs

  • developing multiple ideas or solutions to address a problem

  • creating working representations of the best ideas

  • testing the new concept and adjusting accordingly

Artificial intelligence (AI)

AI may help eliminate human errors and biases while developing schedules, creating budgets, and implementing other processes and procedures necessary for a company's operations. It also helps save time and money and allows management and team leaders to focus on other areas, such as employee training and development and team building. AI tools help align projects with organizational needs and goals. Customer service providers benefit from AI because it allows them to customize customer experience and improve customer satisfaction.

Related: What Is AI Software? (With Definition and Benefits)

Cognitive computing

Cognitive computing is a component of AI. It uses machine learning to make predictions, promote business discoveries, and analyze raw data. Tools using cognitive computing can learn via human instructions, assess evidence, and communicate in a natural language to provide the best possible results. Industries that can use cognitive computing include travel, healthcare, and finance.

Organizational agility

Organizations move more efficiently, decisively, and quickly if they're agile. This enables them to easily adapt to change while maintaining excellent customer relations. It also allows them to take advantage of modernizations while remaining flexible to handle setbacks and challenges. An actively engaged workforce allows for increased agility in the organization.

DevOps (development and operations)

DevOps is a delivery process that involves the collaboration of all the teams in the production cycle, including design, development, and deployment. It allows for a synchronized process to create a product that the company can quickly repair in case there are issues to ensure faster deployment. The focus is on quality, testing, automation, and collaboration to shorten the production process.

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