What Is the Leadership Self-Assessment? (With Useful Tips)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published November 6, 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Leadership skills are essential to attain higher positions in nearly all fields and industries. If you're currently working or aspire to work in a leadership or managerial role, consider taking a leadership assessment test. Learning about leadership self-assessment and exploring its tools and sample questions can help you understand your leadership style better and potentially advance your career. In this article, we explain the leadership self-assessment, discuss its importance, describe the types of assessment tools, present tips for assessing leadership effectiveness, and provide sample leadership assessment questions.

What is the leadership self-assessment?

A leadership self-assessment is a series of questions about your leadership that helps you determine your qualities and strengths as a leader. This assessment helps leaders and individuals increase self-awareness, enhance managerial strengths, and improve leadership skills. Hiring managers also use leadership assessments to understand the leadership styles or traits of candidates applying for a leadership position. Many professionals use leadership assessment tools to evaluate management skills and identify areas for improvement.

Related: How to Perform a Self-Assessment

Why is it important?

Understanding your unique qualities and strengths is essential for a leader, and taking a self-assessment can help you evaluate them. By becoming more self-aware, you can develop career goals to drive your professional development and create a plan to become a more effective leader. Understanding how you lead or manage a team can also help you decide whether you need adjustments and improve your interactions with the employees you lead. Here are more beneficial reasons to take leadership assessments:

  • Fosters career growth: A leadership assessment can help managers or supervisors develop future career plans. For example, the assessment results can prompt you to enrol in a specific management training program to increase your job efficiency.

  • Increases company's leadership potential: Organisations may have leadership development plans for employees or create outlines for future company leadership goals. A leadership assessment can help organizations achieve their leadership development plans by evaluating, hiring, and training company leaders.

  • Increases self-awareness: A leadership assessment can help increase your awareness of the personal strengths to capitalize on and the leadership challenges to overcome.

  • Optimizes your leadership strengths: These assessments can identify your management strengths and skills requiring further improvement. This can allow you to target and improve the challenging areas to develop your leadership abilities.

Related: How to Create a Professional Development Plan in 5 Steps

Types of leadership assessment tools

Here's a list of leadership assessment tools you can explore:

Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an effective assessment that gives detailed insights into an individual's character traits and abilities. Employers and candidates often use this personality test to evaluate leadership potential. The MBTI assesses four elements of an individual's unique psychology and how people think, feel, and act. The major four elements are:

  • How you feel about social interactions: The MBTI evaluates how extroverted or introverted a person is. While extroverted people often gain energy from social interactions, introverts tend to feel more energized when spending time alone.

  • How you interpret meaning and process information: The MBTI personality test assesses whether you prefer to intuit or sense information. Intuition refers to the meanings or impressions you interpret based on the given information while sensing means you collect information from physical senses, such as hearing, touch, or sight.

  • How you make decisions: The MBTI test suggests that some people make specific choices primarily by considering the objective circumstances or facts regarding the situation. Others decide by assessing the people, emotions, or concerns relating to the situation.

  • How you handle external information or situations: This element describes how others may perceive your actions. According to the MBTI, individuals perceived as structured fit the psychological judging category while people perceived as more adaptable are perceiving.

Based on this analysis, the MBTI identifies 16 personalities represented using the following four-letter combination:

  • Extroverted (I) vs. Introverted (I)

  • Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N)

  • Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)

  • Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P)

Related: Your Myers-Briggs Personality Type and What It Means for Your Career

DISC assessments

The DISC leadership assessment is another popular and relatively straightforward tool. DISC tests usually ask questions about your observable behaviours. It also evaluates how you approach challenging situations and communicate with others to solve problems. The final test results can let you know whether you're more of a task-oriented individual or a people person. The tool is available in different versions, and the most advanced one can allow you to differentiate between the behaviour exhibited by a person at work and at home.

The name DISC represents the four essential traits or profiles that the tool searches for in people, and they include:

  • Dominance: This category evaluates how team-oriented and active you are.

  • Influence: Influence assesses how much focus you put on guiding, supervising, or influencing others.

  • Steadiness: This category measures how cooperative you are and how likely others can depend on you.

  • Conscientiousness: This category analyzes how much attention you show to ensure the quality and accuracy of a task's results.

Related: 11 Important Leadership Skills for Managers and Descriptions


Enneagram is an assessment tool that categorizes individuals' behaviours into nine types with nine subtypes in each section. This assessment groups people's behaviour and traits into 81 different categories. Enneagram aims to investigate the motive behind a person's actions, so the results are often unpredictable and vary for different people. The tool envisions the motivation that prompts an action or reaction and provides more details about your unique traits and character.

Related: How to Improve Your Performance at Work in 13 Steps

Neethling Brain Instrument

The Neethling Brain Instrument (NBI) is an assessment that evaluates the several ways a person thinks, such as how you understand metaphors, numbers, images, or words. It helps you determine your preferred methods of thinking and provides advice on how you can develop the thinking methods or aspects you use less often. Hiring managers may use the NBI to gain insights into how a leadership candidate can approach thinking about daily operations, business strategies, and team members.

Related: 8 Types of Personality Tests Employers May Use to Assess You

Tips for assessing your leadership effectiveness

If you aim to propel your career growth and improve how you manage and guide teams, you can adopt the following tips to evaluate your effectiveness as a leader:

  • Conduct a self-assessment. You can use questionnaires or assessment tools to identify your strengths and motivation. Conducting a self-assessment can help you recognize your behavioural patterns and learn how you can manage yourself and your team better.

  • Solicit constructive feedback. Consider asking colleagues you interact and collaborate with for feedback on your effectiveness to identify differences in how you perceive yourself and create a plan to improve. Soliciting feedback also helps facilitate effective communication with the team, which is essential to building trust and becoming a high-performing team.

  • Seek networking opportunities. As you progress in your career, it can be helpful to build a network you can refer to for guidance, support, or coaching. By seeking networking opportunities, you can make relevant connections that expose you to opportunities and resources needed to achieve career success.

Related: 11 Examples of Strategic Leadership (With Relevant Skills)

Examples of leadership assessment questions

Here are a few questions you can answer to understand your leadership style and strengths better:

Do you have a leadership vision?

To become a good leader, you can consider creating a leadership vision. The vision statement can express the team's shared goal and directly relate to the organization's objectives. Having a vision for your team can help members stay on track and perform their respective duties to accomplish set goals. A visionary leader can also inspire a team to complete assignments successfully.

Related: What Are Leadership Vision Statements? Definition and Examples

Do you have an effective decision-making process?

Consider asking yourself whether you have a practical decision-making process. Leaders often make complex decisions, so having a process to follow when you want to make choices is essential. Good decision-makers usually have problem-solving and analytical skills. Making good decisions is vital for the health and efficiency of the team and the company.

Do you hold yourself and your team members accountable?

Another question to ask yourself is whether you hold yourself and your team members responsible for team actions. Accountability is essential to improve employee morale, productivity, and team efficiency. An accountable leader sets clear expectations for the team and monitors employees' progress toward goals. They also take responsibility for mistakes and make the necessary adjustments or changes to ensure successful project completion.

Related: Understanding the Process of Decision-Making in Management

Do you receive feedback well?

You can also check whether you receive feedback well. Taking meaningful feedback from team members and colleagues can help improve your leadership capabilities and contribute to an organization's success. You can monitor your changes and improvements based on the feedback to become a better leader.

Do you give team members constructive feedback?

Aside from receiving feedback, influential leaders also offer constructive feedback to employees. Consider how you give feedback and how your team members receive it. Giving meaningful feedback involves maintaining a positive attitude and giving constructive criticism that focuses on improvement.

Related: Skills Assessment Tests: What You Need to Know

Explore more articles